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Gujarat celebrates 76th Independence Day with full fervour & patriotism

Governor Shri Acharya Devvrat unfurled the national tricolor at Rajbhavan in Gandhinagar. AIR Ahmedabad correspondent reports that the state level function was held at Junagadh, where Chief Minister Vijay Rupani unfurled the national tricolor. AIR correspondent reports that the state level main function was held at Police Parade ground in Junagad this morning. Chief Minister Vijay Rupani has unfurled the national tricolor on this occasion.

Gujarat government has organized two day long celebrations in Junagadh district. Apart from launching various development projects and welfare schemes, a series of cultural programmes were also organized on this occasion. This Independence Day is also celebrated with the ongoing celebrations of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. Government buildings in Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad and other parts of the state have been beautifully decorated to mark the celebrations of 76th Independence Day.

The central government has launched a ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ campaign under which people are being encouraged to hoist the tricolour at their houses as part of the 76 years of India’s Independence. The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is also gearing up to hoist the national flag at the sites of 150 of its monuments on Independence Day. Besides, logistical work is also being done for the illumination of 150 monuments in a tricolour theme, which is expected to start in a few days.

The main Independence Day celebrations takes places annually at Red Fort where the Prime Minister hoists the national flag on the ramparts of the Mughal-era monument. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, besides Qutub Minar and Humayun’s Tomb, in Delhi.

The tricolour would also be hoisted in Lucknow’s historic Residency, a place of key events during the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny, Mahatma Gandhi’s birthplace in Porbander, British-era Residency in Lucknow, Faizabad’s Gulab Bari, Fort Vellore (Chennai Circle), Warangal Fort (Hyderabad Circle) and Fort, Chitradurga (Bangalore Circle), an ASI official said.

Let’s take a look at the brief history behind Independence Day and why we celebrate it.

76th Independence Day 2022: History

The Indian Independence movement began during World War I and it was led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. On 15 August 1947, India earned its freedom and 200 years of British rule finally ended.

The Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons on 4 July 1947 and it was passed within a fortnight. It marked the end of British rule in India on 15 August 1947. After that, it became a free country and split into India and Pakistan.

Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, and Subhas Chandra Bose are few of the prominent names who played a major role as freedom fighters and no doubt, there were many more.

76th Independence Day 2022: Significance
India’s Independence Day is observed as a national holiday for the entire nation since it is a reminder that many freedom fighters made sacrifices for our freedom and to get independence from British rule.

The national holiday is usually observed throughout the nation. The tricolour is hoisted and various cultural events are organised. India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of Red Fort in Delhi on 15 August 1947 and since then, it has become a tradition followed by the incumbent prime minister hoist the flag and address the country.

1. The song ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’ was composed in 1911 by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore and was renamed as ‘Jana Gana Mana.’ It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India as the national anthem on 24 January 1950.

2. The Indian national flag was hoisted on 7 August 1906 at Parsee Bagan Square in Kolkata. The first variant of India’s national flag was designed by freedom fighter Pingali Venkayya in 1921. The current flag was officially adopted on 22 July 1947.

3. Four other countries that celebrate their independence day on 15 August along with India – Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea, and Liechtenstein.

4. The Indian flag is manufactured and supplied from only one place in the nation. The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS), located in Dharwad in Karnataka has the authority to manufacture and supply the Indian national flags. The flag is manufactured only with handspun and handwoven cotton khadi wafting.

5. After India’s independence, Goa was still a Portuguese colony which was annexed to India by the Indian Army only in 1961. Thus, Goa was the last state to join the Indian territory.

RECAP | 72nd Independence Day Celebrations – PM’s address to the Nation LIVE from the Red Fort:


ગુજરાતે 76માં સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસની સંપૂર્ણ ઉત્સાહ અને દેશભક્તિ સાથે ઉજવણી કરી

ગાંધીનગરમાં રાજભવન ખાતે રાષ્ટ્રીય ત્રિરંગો લહેરાવ્યો હતો. AIR અમદાવાદના સંવાદદાતા અહેવાલ આપે છે કે જૂનાગઢ ખાતે રાજ્ય કક્ષાનું સમારોહ યોજાયો હતો, જ્યાં મુખ્યમંત્રી વિજય રૂપાણીએ રાષ્ટ્રીય ત્રિરંગો લહેરાવ્યો હતો. AIR સંવાદદાતા અહેવાલ આપે છે કે આજે સવારે જૂનાગઢના પોલીસ પરેડ ગ્રાઉન્ડ ખાતે રાજ્ય કક્ષાનું મુખ્ય સમારોહ યોજાયો હતો. આ પ્રસંગે મુખ્યમંત્રી વિજય રૂપાણીએ રાષ્ટ્રીય ત્રિરંગો ફરકાવ્યો હતો.

ગુજરાત સરકાર દ્વારા જૂનાગઢ જિલ્લામાં બે દિવસીય ઉજવણીનું આયોજન કરવામાં આવ્યું છે. આ પ્રસંગે વિવિધ વિકાસ યોજનાઓ અને કલ્યાણકારી યોજનાઓ શરૂ કરવા ઉપરાંત સાંસ્કૃતિક કાર્યક્રમોની શ્રેણીનું પણ આયોજન કરવામાં આવ્યું હતું. આ સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસને આઝાદી કા અમૃત મહોત્સવની ચાલી રહેલી ઉજવણી સાથે પણ ઉજવવામાં આવે છે. ગાંધીનગર અને અમદાવાદ અને રાજ્યના અન્ય ભાગોમાં સરકારી ઈમારતોને 76માં સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસની ઉજવણી નિમિત્તે સુંદર રીતે શણગારવામાં આવી છે.

કેન્દ્ર સરકારે ‘હર ઘર તિરંગા’ ઝુંબેશ શરૂ કરી છે જે અંતર્ગત લોકોને ભારતની આઝાદીના 76 વર્ષના ભાગ રૂપે તેમના ઘરો પર ત્રિરંગો ફરકાવવા માટે પ્રોત્સાહિત કરવામાં આવી રહ્યા છે. ભારતીય પુરાતત્વ સર્વેક્ષણ (ASI) પણ સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસ પર તેના 150 સ્મારકોના સ્થળો પર રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજ ફરકાવવાની તૈયારી કરી રહ્યું છે. આ ઉપરાંત, 150 સ્મારકોને ત્રિરંગા થીમમાં રોશની કરવા માટે લોજિસ્ટિકલ કાર્ય પણ કરવામાં આવી રહ્યું છે, જે થોડા દિવસોમાં શરૂ થવાની અપેક્ષા છે.

મુખ્ય સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસની ઉજવણી દર વર્ષે લાલ કિલ્લા પર થાય છે જ્યાં વડા પ્રધાન મુઘલ-યુગના સ્મારકના કિલ્લા પર રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજ ફરકાવે છે. તે દિલ્હીમાં કુતુબ મિનાર અને હુમાયુના મકબરો ઉપરાંત યુનેસ્કોની વર્લ્ડ હેરિટેજ સાઇટ છે.

લખનૌની ઐતિહાસિક રેસીડેન્સી, 1857ના સિપાહી વિદ્રોહ દરમિયાન મહત્વની ઘટનાઓનું સ્થળ, મહાત્મા ગાંધીનું પોરબંદરમાં જન્મસ્થળ, લખનૌમાં બ્રિટિશ જમાનાની રેસીડેન્સી, ફૈઝાબાદની ગુલાબ બારી, ફોર્ટ વેલ્લોર (ચેન્નઈ સર્કલ), વારંગલનો કિલ્લો (હૈદરાબાદ)માં પણ ત્રિરંગો લહેરાવવામાં આવશે. સર્કલ) અને ફોર્ટ, ચિત્રદુર્ગ (બેંગલોર સર્કલ), ASI અધિકારીએ જણાવ્યું હતું.

ચાલો સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસ પાછળના સંક્ષિપ્ત ઇતિહાસ પર એક નજર કરીએ અને શા માટે આપણે તેને ઉજવીએ છીએ.

76મો સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસ 2022: ઇતિહાસ

ભારતીય સ્વતંત્રતા ચળવળ પ્રથમ વિશ્વ યુદ્ધ દરમિયાન શરૂ થઈ હતી અને તેનું નેતૃત્વ મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધીએ કર્યું હતું. 15 ઓગસ્ટ 1947ના રોજ ભારતે તેની આઝાદી મેળવી અને 200 વર્ષના બ્રિટિશ શાસનનો આખરે અંત આવ્યો.

ભારતીય સ્વતંત્રતા વિધેયક 4 જુલાઈ 1947ના રોજ બ્રિટિશ હાઉસ ઓફ કોમન્સમાં રજૂ કરવામાં આવ્યું હતું અને તે પખવાડિયામાં પસાર થઈ ગયું હતું. તે 15 ઓગસ્ટ 1947 ના રોજ ભારતમાં બ્રિટિશ શાસનનો અંત ચિહ્નિત કરે છે. તે પછી, તે એક સ્વતંત્ર દેશ બન્યો અને ભારત અને પાકિસ્તાનમાં વિભાજિત થયો.

મહાત્મા ગાંધી, જવાહરલાલ નેહરુ, સરદાર વલ્લભભાઈ પટેલ, ભગત સિંહ, ચંદ્ર શેખર આઝાદ અને સુભાષ ચંદ્ર બોઝ એવા કેટલાક અગ્રણી નામો છે જેમણે સ્વાતંત્ર્ય સેનાની તરીકે મુખ્ય ભૂમિકા ભજવી હતી અને તેમાં કોઈ શંકા નથી કે, ઘણા બધા હતા.

76મો સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસ 2022: મહત્વ
ભારતનો સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસ સમગ્ર રાષ્ટ્ર માટે રાષ્ટ્રીય રજા તરીકે મનાવવામાં આવે છે કારણ કે તે યાદ અપાવે છે કે ઘણા સ્વાતંત્ર્ય સેનાનીઓએ આપણી સ્વતંત્રતા માટે અને બ્રિટિશ શાસનથી આઝાદી મેળવવા માટે બલિદાન આપ્યું હતું.

રાષ્ટ્રીય રજા સામાન્ય રીતે સમગ્ર દેશમાં મનાવવામાં આવે છે. ત્રિરંગો લહેરાવવામાં આવે છે અને વિવિધ સાંસ્કૃતિક કાર્યક્રમોનું આયોજન કરવામાં આવે છે. ભારતના પ્રથમ વડા પ્રધાન જવાહરલાલ નેહરુએ 15 ઓગસ્ટ 1947ના રોજ દિલ્હીમાં લાલ કિલ્લાના લાહોરી ગેટ ઉપર ભારતીય રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજ ઊભો કર્યો અને ત્યારથી, તે એક પરંપરા બની ગઈ છે, જેના પછી વર્તમાન વડા પ્રધાન ધ્વજ ફરકાવે છે અને દેશને સંબોધિત કરે છે.

1. ‘ભારતો ભાગ્યો બિધાતા’ ગીત 1911માં નોબેલ પુરસ્કાર વિજેતા રવિન્દ્રનાથ ટાગોર દ્વારા રચવામાં આવ્યું હતું અને તેનું નામ ‘જન ગણ મન’ રાખવામાં આવ્યું હતું. તેને 24 જાન્યુઆરી 1950ના રોજ ભારતના બંધારણ સભા દ્વારા રાષ્ટ્રગીત તરીકે સ્વીકારવામાં આવ્યું હતું.

2. કોલકાતાના પારસી બાગન સ્ક્વેર ખાતે 7 ઓગસ્ટ 1906ના રોજ ભારતીય રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજ ફરકાવવામાં આવ્યો હતો. ભારતના રાષ્ટ્રીય ધ્વજનો પ્રથમ પ્રકાર 1921માં સ્વતંત્રતા સેનાની પિંગલી વેંકૈયા દ્વારા ડિઝાઇન કરવામાં આવ્યો હતો. વર્તમાન ધ્વજને સત્તાવાર રીતે 22 જુલાઈ 1947ના રોજ અપનાવવામાં આવ્યો હતો.

3. ભારતની સાથે અન્ય ચાર દેશો કે જેઓ 15 ઓગસ્ટના રોજ તેમના સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસની ઉજવણી કરે છે – બહેરીન, ઉત્તર કોરિયા, દક્ષિણ કોરિયા અને લિક્ટેંસ્ટાઇન.

4. ભારતીય ધ્વજ રાષ્ટ્રમાં માત્ર એક જ જગ્યાએથી બનાવવામાં આવે છે અને સપ્લાય કરવામાં આવે છે. કર્ણાટકના ધારવાડમાં સ્થિત કર્ણાટક ખાદી ગ્રામોદ્યોગ સંયુક્ત સંઘ (KKGSS) પાસે ભારતીય રાષ્ટ્રધ્વજનું ઉત્પાદન અને સપ્લાય કરવાની સત્તા છે. ધ્વજનું ઉત્પાદન માત્ર હેન્ડસ્પન અને હેન્ડવેવન કોટન ખાદી વડે કરવામાં આવે છે.

5. ભારતની આઝાદી પછી, ગોવા હજુ પણ એક પોર્ટુગીઝ વસાહત હતું જે ફક્ત 1961 માં ભારતીય સેના દ્વારા ભારતમાં જોડવામાં આવ્યું હતું. આમ, ગોવા ભારતીય પ્રદેશમાં જોડાનાર છેલ્લું રાજ્ય હતું.

RECAP | 72મા સ્વતંત્રતા દિવસની ઉજવણી – લાલ કિલ્લા પરથી PMનું રાષ્ટ્રને લાઈવ સંબોધન:


 

Janhavi Dadarkar | We SHOULD Have Confidence in Modi’s Government | Oxford Union. UK



 

Urgent Action needed for protecting villages from rising sea levels because of Global Warming (Sea Barrier Conservation Project)

 


 

A. Introduction

An extensive portion of the land alongside the sea at Dandi and further south along the coastline in the Kantha Vibhag area has a problem of sea erosion and sea water overflowing into agricultural lands and over time this area has become unusable because of the saltiness of the land (know as Khanjar). This will continue to be a bigger problem because of rising oceans. Seasonal Monsoon flooding is another problem that has to be addressed, flooding in the villages during the rainy season disrupts life and it takes months to recover, proper draining and preparedness for the annual rains will alleviate the issue.

There is now an increasing need to protect the coastline and inner areas of our gams from sea water and erosion, especially because of rising waters due to global warming. Sea Water that has been flowing into the Khanjar areas over the years has been turning good arable farm land into unusable land caused by salty sea water and sea erosion. This can readily be reversed by erecting natural sea barriers where sea water overflows into the land in the form of sand and rock barriers and mangrove vegetation. Fish farmers who currently use sea water can continue doing so by piping sea water to the required pond areas.

Any solutions implemented should take into consideration monsoon rains together with the problems of drainage and runoff of much needed fresh water into the sea, it may be desirable to store this water perhaps in a lake. A feasibility study of all possible solutions should be presented before any project is started, this will all be done with the help and collaboration of the regional government departments.

As part of the Tree Planting Project, thousands of trees should be planted on the Dandi coastline as protection against natural calamities like cyclone, hurricane, Tsunami, etc.

B. Key Issues

– Severe sea erosion problems in some areas on the beachfront and further inland
– Sea levels rising every year due to climate change
– the solution of P.P. Gabions is not suitable
– Protection by using tetrapod mays be part of the solution, though high cost may be an issue
– If protection work is carried out by larger size stones, Gabions, Tetrapods, Beach will loose its
natural beauty
– a study needs to be conducted before a solution is implemented
– requires a permanent long term solution
– time is of the essence, if the government is unable to help with a timely solution then a community funded solution will be the only alternative.

C. Potential Solutions and Opportunities

The one solution is to put up barriers that will prevent sea water from overflowing into land areas, these barriers should be as high as the height of the highest watermark during high tide multiplied by two, this will ensure a permanent long term solution. Routine maintenance has to be planned on a periodic basis, perhaps quarterly to ensure that the barriers are not compromised due to soil erosion and wave action.

Land Reclamation – preventing sea water from overflowing into the area and reversing the saltiness of the Khanjar area will suddenly make hundreds of acres of land available for farming and other non-agricultural uses.

D. Challenges

1. Currently, sea water is used by the fishing industry in ponds, continuation of this supply is necessary by providing piping from the coastal area to the inland ponds on a limited basis.
2. Funding for the project
3. If nothing is done then there is a threat the entre Kantha Vibhag area may be overrun with sea water and it will result in loss of farmland and habitat.

E. Project Implementation

– All work that has to be done should be conducted with the help and permission of the relevant government authorities.
– A detailed project plan and timeline should be established
– Proper project management and controls to be in place

 
pdf 1. Download Kantha Vibhag Sea Barrier Project – English
pdf ?. Download Kantha Vibhag Sea Barrier Project – Gujarati
pdf 3? Download Kantha Vibhag Sea Barrier Project – Hindi
 


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pdf 3A. Download Report – Kantha Vibhag Friendship Trust Report – English

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pdf 4. Download Brief History of Koli Samaj

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Old Banyan Tree – Matwad

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Purpose of the Website:

    1. First and foremost, is to recognize our roots and rich culture and heritage and social and community practices which is prevalent in all our communities around the world.
    2. Valuing and drawing up existing knowledge, skills and talents of the members of the Mandhata Community Globally.
    3.  Networking with each other, helping and guiding members and affiliated associations to optimise their abilities in order to fulfil set objectives.
    4. Addressing specific issues on their own merits and proven experiences.
    5. Develop and enhance the quality of life in our village areas in India by promoting education and development in all spheres of life.
    6. Record and Archive our roots and heritage and make it available globally.
    7. Promote Hindu Religious, Spiritual, Cultural and Social Practices
    8. Recognize and acknowledge achievements by our people around the world.
    9. Network and share Best Practices to ensure a peaceful and sustainable future for our communities around the world by living in harmony with people and nature and to protect the environment.
    10. Make positive contributions to society in general and to all the people and countries that we live in, around the world

[n.b. If you would like to contribute material for the site (photos or documents) or to become an Editor, please send a message to the email account mandhataglobal@gmail.com.]

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Mandhata Community – Who are We ???

Mandhata Community refers to all the Koli Patel Community people who originated from the Kantha Vibhag area in Navsari District of South Gujarat in India and also those who migrated to various overseas countries.

The first Koli Patel immigrants from Navsari District are recorded to have sailed for South Africa in 1860. Over the years since then many more joined them. Others traveled to Fiji and then to New Zealand as early as 1902. During the War years and later large numbers traveled to East Africa.

Initially they came to work on the plantations and to build roads and railways. As years passed the vast majority of them settled in the countries where they worked. The first immigrants were all young men who went back to their local villages to get married and return to be followed by their wives a little later.

It is these immigrants who identified themselves as Mandhata Community. It is estimated that they number over a hundred thousand. UK has over 40,000 settled mainly in large cities and are now involved in almost all professions and in every industry, as in other countries too.

A vast number of us settled overseas are now sixth and seventh generation. Even the later arrivals boast third and forth generation. Yet we have continued close relationship with our extended families in India. Most of us visit regularly and many have built homes on their ancestral land.

This site highlights the history and life of the Mandhata Patel Community.

Site Specifics

This site has been built using a web content management framework, this will enable many people around the world to contribute content without any programming skills, all that is required is basic computer skills, this will ensure that content is contibuted by our communities around the world and also will ensure independance, so that no one person is tasked with the responsibility of maintaining the site. If you’d like to become a contributor, simply send an eMail message to our group email address, mandhataglobal.com. (exclude the period).

The site has been kept as simple as possible. Anyone with a basic knowledge of computing and internet will be able to interact. We are aware that a large number of you have a fund of knowledge to contribute to this site so that it can become a comprehensive repository of our history and heritage illustrated in words and pictures. In years to come this site would develop into a resource that our coming generations would refer to learn about their roots. We invite you to volunteer yourself as an administrator.

This site will be bilingual. We shall use English and Gujarati to reach as many of our people as possible.

On this site you will be able to read shorter articles in full, and where need be a .pdf version to copy. Large articles and other printed material will be in .pdf format for copying and printing.

Migration History

Preamble

When in the quiet of the night the question arises in your mind as to who your forefathers were? Where did they come from? How did they live? And you desperately want to explore your roots, this website may help you..

Perhaps the obvious starting point of this inquiry could be our own first hand knowledge of the stories told by our fathers and grandfathers of their experiences in their villages and how they made it to the foreign lands all over the world.

From their own lips we have heard how a few young men from the villages found construction jobs building railways in Surat and other nearby cities. Back in village for holidays their offers of help led more youths to join them. At work they came in contact with other peoples and particularly the English who valued their construction knowledge. This broadened their horizon. When opportunities came their way to work for railways in East Africa, plantations in South Africa and New Zealand many volunteered and packed their bags.

From their own lips we have heard how a few young men from the villages found construction jobs building railways in Surat and other nearby cities. Back in village for holidays their offers of help led more youths to join them. At work they came in contact with other peoples and particularly the English who valued their construction knowledge. This broadened their horizon. When opportunities came their way to work for railways in East Africa, plantations in South Africa and New Zealand many volunteered and packed their bags.

My paternal and maternal grandfathers both came to Mombasa, in East Africa to work on the Railways in 1919/21. They were perhaps among the first there and in their own words life was terrible. They lived in tents and were always in fear of the wild animals. For the first year or two they survived on boiled lentils with some pepper and salt. Later they grew chillies and ginger. Apart from bhajan singing in the dim light of a lantern, other entertainment was zero. Life in South Africa or New Zealand was no different. This was soon after the First World War period. Political power struggle was intense among the European powers and British were digging in wherever they went.

Period prior to the Second World War was the 2nd wave of immigration for our people. Passports were easily available and hundreds of youths leaving their families behind boarded sea-going clippers and left in search of a better life. A number of them perished and for the many who made it, life was very, very hard in every respect. Homesickness gripped many.

Read further about our History in the articles below.

1A. Read/Download the story of India’s Historic People by Ashok U Patel – 2nd Edition (April 2021) – English

1B. Read/Download the story of India’s Historic People by Ashok U Patel – 2nd Edition (April 2021) – Gujarati

1C. Read/Download the story of India’s Historic People by Keshavbhai J Patel – 1st Edition (201)

2. Read/Download the Early Katha Migration in Gujarati by Maganbhai B Karadia

3. Read/Download ‘Our Finest Patriotic Years by Maganbhai B Karadia

4. Read/Download ‘Koli Samaj, a Historical Perspective’ by Dr. Arjun Patel

5. Read/Download ‘ History of Koli/Mandhata Patel People’

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Sultanpur – Migrating Flamingos

Borifalia

Borifalia

Coastal Area new Dandi

Coastal Area near Dandi

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Jalaram Bapa Mandir

Bridge near Aatgam

Bridge near Aatgam

Karadi

Karadi

Keshavbhai meeting school children


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New Avdafalia Shiv Mandir (2017)

Karadi School

Karadi School

School Children during Assembly - Karadi School

School Children during Assembly – Karadi School

School Children - Republic Day Celebrations

School Children – Republic Day Celebrations

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Youth Leadership and Educational Seminar

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Shree Amratbhai Jerambhai Patel (in blue Shirt) And Shreemati Taraben Amratbhai Patel of Machhad are residents in USA. Both are generous donors of our Samaj. They visit Gam almost every year and sponsor a number of project in Machhad, other Kantha Vibhag gams. They are particularly interested in educational projects which we organise year after year. Their generous sponsorship help students with scholarships and various educational seminars for the students. This Leadership Seminar was hosted by them and was held on 12th April 2014.

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UmeshBhaiHouse


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Babubhai Patel UK (MBE) Residence in Avdafalia

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Navsari Area

 

Gams

Villages

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Gujarat Travel Map (click on map to enlarge)

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GujaratMap1

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List of Villages in Jalalpore, Navsari, Gujarat

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