Namaste! a Warm Welcome to the Global Website of the Mandhata Patel’s of the Kantha Vibhag area, Navsari District of Gujarat, India, a place for the community to collaborate and work together for future progress and joint development to make the world a better place.

*** Over the next couple of weeks we are planning to run a series on the Customs, Traditions and Cultural Practices of Gujaratis, the entire series will be archived on the site for future reference, see bottom right navigation bar.


Ayurveda – Eat according to your body type

Video Clips on Ayurveda

Ayurveda – How to eat according to your body type.

Ayurveda is the ancient Indian Science of healing. Yes !! it is not some hocus-pocus but a well-established science which has been there for as long as 5000 years. Some of the famous healing techniques now prominent even in the west such as Homeopathy and Polarity theory have stemmed from Ayurveda.

Ayurveda’s roots lie in the Vedic culture “Ayur” meaning life and “Veda” meaning science. So, Ayurveda is the science of life. Although developed in India the knowledge and effects of Ayurveda are not limited to India itself but can be applied to anyone around the world. That is why it has become so popular even in the West.

How Is Ayurvedic Diet Different From Others?

There are a number of diets and foods you will find on the Internet to boost your metabolism but you will hardly find any logic behind why and how these diets react with your body.
According to Ayurveda, everyone has a different body constitution or in Sanskrit ‘Dosha’. An Ayurvedic Diet is a customised diet based on your body constitution.

Ayurvedic diet is based on the rhythmic changes that occur in nature such as, rise and fall of the sun, changing nature, changes in phases of life( childhood and ageing ), etc.

Our body follows a circadian rhythm or biological clock. The different hormone levels in our body rise and fall as the sun rises and falls and so does the functioning level of our body vary. So, the Ayurvedic diet includes all these factors and keeps changing throughout our lifetime.

Slow Metabolism Is An Imbalance

In Ayurveda, perfect health means that our body is in equilibrium and this equilibrium not only depends on our internal bodily functions but our external environment as well.
The effect of an external factor such as sleep, stress, etc. which we are researching now has been in ancient Ayurveda texts for thousands of years.
Classical Ayurveda texts cover food depending on the diversity of natural sources, their relation to seasons and places.

According to Ayurveda, there is a strong association between dosha (body constitution), Prakriti (surrounding environment) and metabolism. Any imbalance in either dosha or Prakriti could disturb our body’s equilibrium and lead to an imbalanced metabolism.

The Three-Body Energies

There are three different types of body constitution. The key to following an Ayurvedic diet is to first understand your dosha or body type. Just like fingerprints every person has a different set of energy pattern which includes a combination of physical, mental, and biological characteristics and which forms their dosha and which does not change throughout their life.

The factors that disturb our body’s balance also change our dosha leading to diseases and disorders.
Understanding your external factors and your body’s composition can help you restore the balance.

There are three types of energy that circulate through everyone and everything and these are related to basic bodily functions. In Sanskrit, these energies are called Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.

Vata: This is the energy of movement. This energy is required to move fluids and nutrients through the body and to the cells.

Pitta: This is the energy of digestion or metabolism.

Kapha: This is the energy of lubrication and structure.

The entire Universe is composed of five elements- Space, Air, Fire, Water, and Earth. Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are nothing but permutation and combinations of these five elements.


The energy of movement is a combination of air and space. It governs breathing, blinking, muscle and tissue movement, pulsation of the heart, and all movements in the cytoplasm and cell membranes. Balanced vata promotes creativity and flexibility and unbalanced vata produces fear and anxiety.


Pitta the energy of metabolism and digestion is composed of Fire and Water. It governs digestion, absorption, assimilation, nutrition, metabolism and body temperature. Balanced pitta promotes understanding and intelligence and unbalanced pitta arouses anger, hatred, and jealousy.


Kapha forms the body’s structure.-bones, muscles, and tendons. It holds the cells together, formed from Earth and Water. Kapha supplies the water for all body parts and systems. It lubricates joints, moisturises the skin, and maintains immunity. Balanced kapha is expressed as love, calmness, and forgiveness. Unbalanced Kapha leads to attachment, greed, and envy.

Know how home cooked food is the main ingredient for a healthy lifestyle?

Tridosha- The Three Body Types

Usually one of the three energies is prominent in a person’s body and the rest is secondary and tertiary. A person’s body type depends on the prominent energy.

In Ayurveda, diseases are caused by an excess or deficiency of vata, pitta or kapha or by the presence of toxins.

A. Vata Prominent Body Type

A person with vata predominant is creative and flexible. Vata people walk, talk and think fast but they are easily fatigued.

They are generally thin, have smaller bones, and do not put on weight easily and struggle with digestion. Although creative and energetic, they are fearful, stressed and have less willpower, boldness, and confidence than other doshas. Vata types are susceptible to mental issues, including fear and grief, and health problems, like neurological disorders, insomnia, arthritis, and heart disease.

The attributes of vata are dry, light, cold, rough, subtle, mobile and clear, any of these qualities in excess can cause imbalance. Frequent travel, especially by plane, loud noises, drugs, sugar, alcohol, cold foods, liquids, and places, etc all disturb vata. Vata types should go to bed by 10 PM and they need more rest than the other types.

Dietary guidelines For Vata Type:

Have warm, well-cooked foods.
Have small meals three or four times a day and snack when needed.
Maintain a 2-hour gap between every meal.
Be Regular in meal times.
Try and have more one-pot meals such as soups and stews.
Limit their intake of raw foods.
Nightshades—tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, and peppers—as well as spinach, should be avoided if the vata person has stiff, aching joints or muscles.
Sweet, ripe and juicy fruits are good for vata.

The astringent and drying fruits, such as cranberries, pomegranates, and raw apples, should be avoided.
Fruit should always be eaten by itself on an empty stomach.
Legumes are difficult to digest and should be consumed in limited quantity by those trying to reduce vata. The legumes should be the split type and soaked before cooking.
All nuts and seeds are good for vata but are best used like butter or milk.
Sesame oil is warming for vata, but all oils are good.
All spices are good, but should not be overused.
Since vata people tend to be prone to addiction, they should avoid sugar, caffeine, and tobacco.
Should avoid cold, frozen or raw foods
They should avoid extreme cold
Use ghee or healthy fats with each meal to help with grounding.
Don’t fast or skip meals.
Drink warm water or tea.

B. Pitta Prominent Body Type:

Pitta body types generally have a medium and athletic built. They are versatile in terms of weight and muscle gain. Pitta people have warm bodies and sharp intelligence. When Pitta is out of balance they can become agitated and short-tempered. Their hairs are silky and they experience early greying and hair loss.

Pitta types have strong metabolism and good digestion. They have a strong appetite and eat plenty of food and liquids. They like hot spices and cold drinks. They have a low tolerance for sunlight, heat and hard physical work.

Pitta types tend to have diseases involving the fire principle such as fevers, inflammatory diseases, and jaundice. Common symptoms include skin rashes, burning sensation, ulceration, fever, inflammations or irritations such as conjunctivitis, colitis or sore throats.

Since the attributes of pitta are oily, hot, light, and liquid, an excess of any of these qualities aggravates pitta.

Dietary Guidelines For Pitta Types:

Exercise in the morning or the coolest time of the day.
Avoid sour, salty and pungent foods.
Being Vegetarian is the best choice.
Include sweet, cold and bitter tastes in your diet.
Barley, wheat, oats, and rice are good grains for them.
Avoid raw onion, radishes, tomatoes, and garlic. (Pungent tastes should be avoided)
Avoid anything too sour, oily or hot.
Salads and raw foods are great.
All legumes except red and yellow lentils are good for Pitta types.
Avoid nuts or take in moderation.
Limit salt intake.
Eat sweet dairy products and avoiding salted cheese and butter.
Avoid coffee, alcohol, and tobacco. But an occasional beer is good.
To avoid heartburn, space out meals by at least two or three hours. Eat smaller meals throughout the day instead of only two to three big meals.
Avoid hot spices, using cardamom, cinnamon, coriander, fennel, and turmeric predominantly, with small amounts of cumin and black pepper.
Black tea may also be used occasionally with a little milk and a pinch of cardamom.
Also read how low-calorie and zero calorie products are making you gain weight?

C. Kapha Predominant Body Type:

They have a bigger body build and easily gain weight and have a slow metabolism. They have smooth and oily skin. Their sleep tends to be long and deep. They are generally calm, tolerant, and forgiving in nature but imbalance may make them possessive, lazy, insecure, and envious at times. They have thick skin and their bodies and muscles are well developed.

They are attracted to sweet, salty and oily foods. They are more likely to have diseases connected to the water principle such as flu, sinus congestion, and other diseases involving mucous. They are prone to diabetes, obesity, cancer, fluid retention and respiratory illness.

Dietary Guidelines for Kapha Types:

They should avoid dairy products and fats of any kind, especially fried or greasy foods.
Eat more bitter, astringent and pungent tastes.
They should eat fewer grains with buckwheat and millets being the best for them, followed by barley, rice, and corn.
Eat green and leafy vegetables and those grown above the ground.
Avoid root vegetables.
Avoid very sweet, sour or juicy vegetables.
Eat more astringent and dry fruits such as apples, apricots, cranberries, mangoes, peaches, and pears.
Avoid non-vegetarian foods.
Black beans, moong beans, pinto beans, and red lentils are best for kapha types. But consume in moderation as kapha types do not need much protein.
Kapha should avoid heavy nuts, dairy, and sweets.
Occasional consumption of almonds, sunflower and safflower, corn and pumpkin seeds is alright.
Use only raw honey as a sweetener.
Ginger and garlic are good for them and they can use any spices except salt.
Alcohol, tea, and coffee are not as damaging for kapha as for other doshas.
They need to do plenty of exercises.
They should avoid heavy foods and iced food or drinks.
They should keep changing their routine.
They should avoid fatty, oily foods and eat dry and light.
Daytime naps are a big no.


Although Ayurveda has been there for several years, we have ignored it for long as there was no scientific evidence behind the healing process followed in Ayurveda. However recent interest in this thousand of year old system has made the scientific community study this system and conduct various experiments on it.

Researchers from the University of New Mexico and the University of Arizona conducted published a study which reported that an Ayurveda based lifestyle modification program is a feasible approach to weight management.

There are a number of other studies which point to the benefits of following an Ayurvedic diet.

Finally, you might not be able to identify with one particular dosha. That does not mean you completely ignore it but find out the one which is most predominant and follow the guidelines according to it, eventually, you will find out which type you are.

Download Full Text;
pdf Ayurveda – How to eat according to your body type

Janhavi Dadarkar | We SHOULD Have Confidence in Modi’s Government | Oxford Union. UK


Urgent Action needed for protecting villages from rising sea levels because of Global Warming (Sea Barrier Conservation Project)



A. Introduction

An extensive portion of the land alongside the sea at Dandi and further south along the coastline in the Kantha Vibhag area has a problem of sea erosion and sea water overflowing into agricultural lands and over time this area has become unusable because of the saltiness of the land (know as Khanjar). This will continue to be a bigger problem because of rising oceans. Seasonal Monsoon flooding is another problem that has to be addressed, flooding in the villages during the rainy season disrupts life and it takes months to recover, proper draining and preparedness for the annual rains will alleviate the issue.

There is now an increasing need to protect the coastline and inner areas of our gams from sea water and erosion, especially because of rising waters due to global warming. Sea Water that has been flowing into the Khanjar areas over the years has been turning good arable farm land into unusable land caused by salty sea water and sea erosion. This can readily be reversed by erecting natural sea barriers where sea water overflows into the land in the form of sand and rock barriers and mangrove vegetation. Fish farmers who currently use sea water can continue doing so by piping sea water to the required pond areas.

Any solutions implemented should take into consideration monsoon rains together with the problems of drainage and runoff of much needed fresh water into the sea, it may be desirable to store this water perhaps in a lake. A feasibility study of all possible solutions should be presented before any project is started, this will all be done with the help and collaboration of the regional government departments.

As part of the Tree Planting Project, thousands of trees should be planted on the Dandi coastline as protection against natural calamities like cyclone, hurricane, Tsunami, etc.

B. Key Issues

– Severe sea erosion problems in some areas on the beachfront and further inland
– Sea levels rising every year due to climate change
– the solution of P.P. Gabions is not suitable
– Protection by using tetrapod mays be part of the solution, though high cost may be an issue
– If protection work is carried out by larger size stones, Gabions, Tetrapods, Beach will loose its
natural beauty
– a study needs to be conducted before a solution is implemented
– requires a permanent long term solution
– time is of the essence, if the government is unable to help with a timely solution then a community funded solution will be the only alternative.

C. Potential Solutions and Opportunities

The one solution is to put up barriers that will prevent sea water from overflowing into land areas, these barriers should be as high as the height of the highest watermark during high tide multiplied by two, this will ensure a permanent long term solution. Routine maintenance has to be planned on a periodic basis, perhaps quarterly to ensure that the barriers are not compromised due to soil erosion and wave action.

Land Reclamation – preventing sea water from overflowing into the area and reversing the saltiness of the Khanjar area will suddenly make hundreds of acres of land available for farming and other non-agricultural uses.

D. Challenges

1. Currently, sea water is used by the fishing industry in ponds, continuation of this supply is necessary by providing piping from the coastal area to the inland ponds on a limited basis.
2. Funding for the project
3. If nothing is done then there is a threat the entre Kantha Vibhag area may be overrun with sea water and it will result in loss of farmland and habitat.

E. Project Implementation

– All work that has to be done should be conducted with the help and permission of the relevant government authorities.
– A detailed project plan and timeline should be established
– Proper project management and controls to be in place

pdf 1. Download Kantha Vibhag Sea Barrier Project – English
pdf ?. Download Kantha Vibhag Sea Barrier Project – Gujarati
pdf 3? Download Kantha Vibhag Sea Barrier Project – Hindi

National Jal Shakti Abhiyan Project

*** Tree Planting Project
Tree Planting Project
pdf 1. Download Sanskrutik Vano – Gujarati
pdf 2. Download Sanskrutik Vano – English

*** Proposed Hotel and Supermarket Project
. Proposed Hotel and Supermarket Project

pdf 1. Download Gam Development Report – English

pdf 2. Download Gam Development Report – Gujarati

pdf 3A. Download Report – Kantha Vibhag Friendship Trust Report – English

pdf 3B. Download report Kantha Vibhag Friendship Trust Report – Gujarati

pdf 4. Download Brief History of Koli Samaj

pdf 5. Download Health and Healing, a series of articles on the Science of Health and Healing by Dr. Devananda Tandavan

pdf 1. Download Essence of Hinduism by Gandhi

pdf 2. Download 11 Vows of Gandhi

pdf 3. Download The Man Who Saved India – Sardar Patel (The Gospel of Selfless Action)

pdf 4. Download Gandhi’s book – From Yeravda Mandir

pdf   Download “We are Hindus” (illustrated) by Dineshbhai Patel (Swinden)

*** Featured Sites:
. Gujarat Online
. Gujarat State – NRI Site
. Divyabhaskar – Gujarati News/Samachar ePaper
. Divyabhaskar – Gujarati News/Samachar
. Gujarati One India News Site
. World Hindu News
. One India News Site
. Aksharnaad.com
. DeshGujarat.com
. India Barriers
. Gujarati Lexicon
. Gujarat Tourism
. Shodh Ganga – Reservoir of Indian Thesis
. PDF DRIVE – Download Free PDF Files
. News India Times
. The Better India
. State of the Planet

*** Astrology:
. Ask Ganesha
. Drik Panchang (all year)
. Daily Panchang
. Vedic Calendar
. Download iCal, Outlook and Google calendar format Vedic Calendars
. Gujarati Calendars – Vikram Samvat Hindu Tithi Calendar


Old Banyan Tree – Matwad



Purpose of the Website:

    1. First and foremost, is to recognize our roots and rich culture and heritage and social and community practices which is prevalent in all our communities around the world.
    2. Valuing and drawing up existing knowledge, skills and talents of the members of the Mandhata Community Globally.
    3.  Networking with each other, helping and guiding members and affiliated associations to optimise their abilities in order to fulfil set objectives.
    4. Addressing specific issues on their own merits and proven experiences.
    5. Develop and enhance the quality of life in our village areas in India by promoting education and development in all spheres of life.
    6. Record and Archive our roots and heritage and make it available globally.
    7. Promote Hindu Religious, Spiritual, Cultural and Social Practices
    8. Recognize and acknowledge achievements by our people around the world.
    9. Network and share Best Practices to ensure a peaceful and sustainable future for our communities around the world by living in harmony with people and nature and to protect the environment.
    10. Make positive contributions to society in general and to all the people and countries that we live in, around the world

[n.b. If you would like to contribute material for the site (photos or documents) or to become an Editor, please send a message to the email account mandhataglobal@gmail.com.]


Mandhata Community – Who are We ???

Mandhata Community refers to all the Koli Patel Community people who originated from the Kantha Vibhag area in Navsari District of South Gujarat in India and also those who migrated to various overseas countries.

The first Koli Patel immigrants from Navsari District are recorded to have sailed for South Africa in 1860. Over the years since then many more joined them. Others traveled to Fiji and then to New Zealand as early as 1902. During the War years and later large numbers traveled to East Africa.

Initially they came to work on the plantations and to build roads and railways. As years passed the vast majority of them settled in the countries where they worked. The first immigrants were all young men who went back to their local villages to get married and return to be followed by their wives a little later.

It is these immigrants who identified themselves as Mandhata Community. It is estimated that they number over a hundred thousand. UK has over 40,000 settled mainly in large cities and are now involved in almost all professions and in every industry, as in other countries too.

A vast number of us settled overseas are now sixth and seventh generation. Even the later arrivals boast third and forth generation. Yet we have continued close relationship with our extended families in India. Most of us visit regularly and many have built homes on their ancestral land.

This site highlights the history and life of the Mandhata Patel Community.

Site Specifics

This site has been built using a web content management framework, this will enable many people around the world to contribute content without any programming skills, all that is required is basic computer skills, this will ensure that content is contibuted by our communities around the world and also will ensure independance, so that no one person is tasked with the responsibility of maintaining the site. If you’d like to become a contributor, simply send an eMail message to our group email address, mandhataglobal.com. (exclude the period).

The site has been kept as simple as possible. Anyone with a basic knowledge of computing and internet will be able to interact. We are aware that a large number of you have a fund of knowledge to contribute to this site so that it can become a comprehensive repository of our history and heritage illustrated in words and pictures. In years to come this site would develop into a resource that our coming generations would refer to learn about their roots. We invite you to volunteer yourself as an administrator.

This site will be bilingual. We shall use English and Gujarati to reach as many of our people as possible.

On this site you will be able to read shorter articles in full, and where need be a .pdf version to copy. Large articles and other printed material will be in .pdf format for copying and printing.

Migration History


When in the quiet of the night the question arises in your mind as to who your forefathers were? Where did they come from? How did they live? And you desperately want to explore your roots, this website may help you..

Perhaps the obvious starting point of this inquiry could be our own first hand knowledge of the stories told by our fathers and grandfathers of their experiences in their villages and how they made it to the foreign lands all over the world.

From their own lips we have heard how a few young men from the villages found construction jobs building railways in Surat and other nearby cities. Back in village for holidays their offers of help led more youths to join them. At work they came in contact with other peoples and particularly the English who valued their construction knowledge. This broadened their horizon. When opportunities came their way to work for railways in East Africa, plantations in South Africa and New Zealand many volunteered and packed their bags.

From their own lips we have heard how a few young men from the villages found construction jobs building railways in Surat and other nearby cities. Back in village for holidays their offers of help led more youths to join them. At work they came in contact with other peoples and particularly the English who valued their construction knowledge. This broadened their horizon. When opportunities came their way to work for railways in East Africa, plantations in South Africa and New Zealand many volunteered and packed their bags.

My paternal and maternal grandfathers both came to Mombasa, in East Africa to work on the Railways in 1919/21. They were perhaps among the first there and in their own words life was terrible. They lived in tents and were always in fear of the wild animals. For the first year or two they survived on boiled lentils with some pepper and salt. Later they grew chillies and ginger. Apart from bhajan singing in the dim light of a lantern, other entertainment was zero. Life in South Africa or New Zealand was no different. This was soon after the First World War period. Political power struggle was intense among the European powers and British were digging in wherever they went.

Period prior to the Second World War was the 2nd wave of immigration for our people. Passports were easily available and hundreds of youths leaving their families behind boarded sea-going clippers and left in search of a better life. A number of them perished and for the many who made it, life was very, very hard in every respect. Homesickness gripped many.

Read further about our History in the articles below.

1A. Read/Download the story of India’s Historic People by Ashok U Patel – 2nd Edition (April 2021) – English

1B. Read/Download the story of India’s Historic People by Ashok U Patel – 2nd Edition (April 2021) – Gujarati

1C. Read/Download the story of India’s Historic People by Keshavbhai J Patel – 1st Edition (201)

2. Read/Download the Early Katha Migration in Gujarati by Maganbhai B Karadia

3. Read/Download ‘Our Finest Patriotic Years by Maganbhai B Karadia

4. Read/Download ‘Koli Samaj, a Historical Perspective’ by Dr. Arjun Patel

5. Read/Download ‘ History of Koli/Mandhata Patel People’


Sultanpur – Migrating Flamingos



Coastal Area new Dandi

Coastal Area near Dandi

Jespor 2

Jalaram Bapa Mandir

Bridge near Aatgam

Bridge near Aatgam



Keshavbhai meeting school children


New Avdafalia Shiv Mandir (2017)

Karadi School

Karadi School

School Children during Assembly - Karadi School

School Children during Assembly – Karadi School

School Children - Republic Day Celebrations

School Children – Republic Day Celebrations

Scan 4

Youth Leadership and Educational Seminar


Shree Amratbhai Jerambhai Patel (in blue Shirt) And Shreemati Taraben Amratbhai Patel of Machhad are residents in USA. Both are generous donors of our Samaj. They visit Gam almost every year and sponsor a number of project in Machhad, other Kantha Vibhag gams. They are particularly interested in educational projects which we organise year after year. Their generous sponsorship help students with scholarships and various educational seminars for the students. This Leadership Seminar was hosted by them and was held on 12th April 2014.




Babubhai Patel UK (MBE) Residence in Avdafalia

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Navsari Area





Gujarat Travel Map (click on map to enlarge)




List of Villages in Jalalpore, Navsari, Gujarat