Reverse Osmosis Plant Opening – 2013
Reverse Osmosis Plant:
A reverse osmosis plant is a manufacturing plant where the process of reverse osmosis takes place. An average modern reverse osmosis plant needs six kilowatt-hours of electricity to desalinate one cubic metre of water. The process also results in an amount of salty briny waste. The challenge for these plants is to find ways to reduce energy consumption, use sustainable energy sources, improve the process of desalination and to innovate in the area of waste management to deal with the waste.
Reverse Osmosis is a process where water is demineralized using a semipermeable membrane at high pressure. Reverse osmosis is osmosis in reverse. So, what is osmosis? Osmosis is most commonly observed in plants. If you don’t water your plants they wilt. A plant cell is a semipermeable (water flows through the membrane but salts don’t) membrane with the living stuff on the inside in a salt solution. Water is drawn into the cell from the outside because pure water will move across a semipermeable membrane to dilute the higher concentration of salt on the inside. This is how water is drawn in from the ground when you water your plants. If you salt your plants (over fertilize or spill some salt on the grass), the plant will wilt because the salt concentration on the outside of the cell is higher than the inside and water then moves across the membrane from the inside to the outside.